21029 Buckingham Palace

Architect

John Nash (1752 – 1835)
John Nash was given the task of transforming a townhouse into a royal palace. He doubled the size of the existing building, added two new wings and clad the whole structure in Bath stone. Though widely considered as an architectural masterpiece, the building costs soon escalated out of control. Nash was eventually removed from his post, never to receive an official commission again.

Edward Blore (1787 – 1879)
Edward Blore was contracted to complete the work started by Nash and was chosen again in 1841 to design the extension to the palace during the reign of Queen Victoria. He added an attic floor to the main floor of the palace and designed the new East front with its now famous façade and balcony.

Sir Aston Webb (1849 – 1930)
In 1913, King George V asked Aston Webb to redesign and repair the building’s façade. Webb, a renowned London-born architect, remodeled the building to the form we know today and clad the structure in Portland stone.
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Facts

  • LocationWashington, D.C., USA
  • Construction Periods1793, 1815, 1850, and 2000
  • Architectural style19th century Neo-Classical
  • Dimensions751 ft (229 m) by 350 ft (106 m)
  • Height288 ft (87 m)
  • Floor Space175,170 sq ft (16,258 m2)

History

The official history of Buckingham Palace begins in 1698 when the Duke of Buckingham demolished the existing property and built Buckingham House on the spot where the palace stands today.
The house remained the property of the Dukes of Buckingham until 1761, when King George III acquired the house and its grounds as a private family residence for his wife, Queen Charlotte. Known then as “The Queen’s House”, the nearby St James’s Palace remained the official royal residence.
This changed when George IV came to the throne in 1820 and decided to transform his childhood home into his official palace. The renowned architect, John Nash, was given the task in 1826, and over the next five years extended the central block and replaced the existing wings to create an imposing, U-shaped palace.
The first royal to live in the palace would be Queen Victoria, who moved there in 1837. When she married in 1840, the palace soon became too small for both its official duties and her growing family. The architect Edward Blore was asked to enlarge the palace and design a new wing that would enclose the central quadrangle.