Henry Bacon (1866–1924)
Henry Bacon was a New York–based architect who had traveled widely in Europe and was especially fond of ancient Greek architecture. His inspiration for the Lincoln Memorial is the Athenian temple known as the Parthenon. Bacon instinctively understood the symbolic role of the memorial in reunifying a country torn apart by civil war and deliberately chose building materials from as many states as possible.Daniel Chester French (1850–1931)
Daniel Chester French was the leading American sculptor of his day and his most famous work is the statue of Lincoln, which dominates the interior of the memorial. The sculpture took four years to complete, weighs 175 tons (159 metric tons), and is carved from 28 separate blocks of white Georgia marble.Jules Guerin (1866–1946)
Jules Guerin was selected to decorate the interior of the memorial with two canvas murals 60 ft. (18.3 m) long by 12 ft. (3.7 m) high. Together, the murals visually symbolize the principles of Abraham Lincoln and emphasize his two great accomplishments — emancipation and unity.
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