These tiny fish are named after the shape of their head, which has a long snout and looks like the head of – yes, you got it – a horse! Seahorses are masters of camouflage, quickly changing color to avoid predators and surprise their prey. And they use their snout to search for food, which they suck up like a vacuum cleaner!
Known for their friendly nature, dolphins can be found all over the world. They’re super swimmers, reaching speeds over 30km an hour and diving as deep as 250m below the surface. Some dolphins have developed clever ways of communicating with each other – from blowing bubbles to squeaking, splashing about and even butting heads! All this ‘talking’ pays off – dolphins have been known to form friendships that last decades!
The blobfish was voted the world’s ugliest animal, are you surprised? Without any real bones or muscle, these mysterious fish live in deep ocean environments with extreme pressure. Actually, it’s all that pressure that helps them look like normal fish in their underwater home. Above water? The blobfish is no Prince Charming.
While there are many different and unique species of goby fish, one that is commonly seen in coral reefs is the yellow clown goby. These tiny, brightly-colored fish like to hang out in small groups in the outer branches of corals. They’re patient eaters too, often waiting for food to float by before gobbling it up.
Meet the unicorn of the sea! Narwhals are shy ocean mammals that live in cold arctic waters where sea ice is critical to their survival. Male narwhals (and some females) have a long, spiralled tooth or tusk that can grow up to 2.7 meters in length. Scientists still don’t know how narwhals use their tusk, but it might help them to sense their environment and find food.
Like eating crab, shrimp or lobster? Then you’ve got something in common with the eight-armed octopus! This quirky creature uses its arms to slither over the seabed, feeling into rocky cracks for food. If threatened, octopuses protect themselves by shooting an inky fluid from their body or camouflaging themselves by changing color to grey, brown, pink, blue or green!
You have probably heard of great white, hammerhead or maybe even whale sharks, but did you know there are over 500 species of sharks? They never sleep, can grow and regrow thousands of teeth over the course of their lives and one species, the Greenland shark, is thought to be the longest living vertebrate, living for as long as 500 years!
Sea turtles are incredible creatures that have survived in the world’s oceans for hundreds of millions of years. Female sea turtles return to the same beaches where they were born to lay their eggs. From the moment they hatch, sea turtles face huge threats and if we’re not careful, they may not be around on Earth much longer.
With their bright colors and beautiful patterns, butterflyfish add a splash of life to the world’s coral reefs. You’ll usually see them swimming and eating alone, or in pairs with their partner. To confuse their predators, many species of butterflyfish have dark, eye-like spots near their tails. After all, a fish that seems to have two heads can be very puzzling!
Sea lions are playful, intelligent and excellent swimmers. However, the way they waddle around when they’re walking on land means they’re usually just known for being super-cute! Sea lion colonies can often include thousands of individuals with hundreds of furry pups that love to bark and explore the beach.