Jørn Utzon was born on April 9, 1918 in Copenhagen, Denmark, and graduated as an architect in 1942 from the Copenhagen Royal Academy of Arts. After working in Sweden and Finland, Utzon received a grant that enabled him to travel extensively in USA. It was here that he came into contact with some of the most influential architects of his day, including van der Rohe and Ray and Charles Eames.
In 1956, Utzon submitted his vision for Sydney Opera House to the New South Wales Government, and was as surprised as anyone when he actually won the competition. The complicated nature of the construction led to large delays and cost overruns, and resulted in Utzon leaving the project before it was completed.
In 1999 Utzon agreed to develop a set of Design Principles that would act as a guide for all future changes to the building. Sydney Opera House was inscribed in the World Heritage List in 2007: The expert evaluation report stating: “...it stands by itself as one of the indisputable masterpieces of human creativity, not only in the 20th century but in the history of humankind.”
Text credits: SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE™
Photo credits: SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE™
State Records NSW
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