21007 Rockefeller Plaza

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Facts

  • Architect: Raymond Mathewson Hood was the senior architect of a large design team
  • Construction Type: Structural steel frame with limestone cladding
  • Footprint: 19 commercial buildings covering 22 acres (89,000m2)
  • Height: 266m (872 ft.)
  • Location: Midtown Manhattan, New York City, NY
  • Materials: Limestone
  • Style: Art Deco
  • Stories: 70
  • Year: 1930 - 1939 (the original 14 buildings)

History

Rockefeller Center® is a complex of 19 commercial buildings covering 22 acres (89,000 m2) between 48th and 51st streets in New York City. Built by the Rockefeller family, it is located in the center of Midtown Manhattan, spanning the area between Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue.

Rockefeller Center® represents a turning point in the history of architectural sculpture: It is among the last major building projects in the United States to incorporate a program of integrated public art. Sculptor Lee Lawrie contributed the largest number of individual pieces — twelve — including the statue of Atlas facing Fifth Avenue and the conspicuous friezes above the main entrance to the RCA Building.

The Center is a combination of two building complexes: the older and original fourteen Art Deco office buildings from the 1930s, and a set of four International-style towers built along the west side of Avenue of the Americas during the 1960s and 1970s.

References
Photos courtesy of Rockefeller Center Archives.
Text credits: www.rockefellercenter.com
www.u-s-history.com
www.rockarch.org

Architect

John Davison Rockefeller, Jr. (January 29, 1874 – May 11, 1960) was a major philanthropist and a pivotal member of the prominent Rockefeller family. During the Great Depression he developed and was the sole financier of a vast 14-building real estate complex in the geographical center of Manhattan, Rockefeller Center®.

It was the largest private building project ever undertaken in modern times. More than 75,000 people worked on the construction of the Center during those Depression years.

The principal builder and “managing agent” for the massive project was John R. Todd and the principal architect was Raymond M. Hood, who worked with and directed a team from three different architectural firms. Hood was the greatest skyscraper architect of the 1920s, embodying and inspiring the evolution of skyscraper design in America during the decade, and the Rockefeller Center was his last major project.