21000 Mrakodrap Willis Tower

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Facts

  • Architect: Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP
  • Classification: Supertall
  • Construction Type: Steel Frame and Curtain Wall
  • Cost: $175 million (1970)
  • Elevators: 104
  • Floor Area: 409,000 m2 (4,400,000 sq. ft.)
  • Footprint: 68 x 68 m (225 x 225 ft.)
  • Height: 442 m (1,458 ft.)
  • Location: 233 S. Wacker Drive, Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • Materials: Aluminum, Concrete, Glass and Steel
  • Pinnacle Type: East Antenna 521 m (1,720 ft.), West Antenna 527 m (1,740 ft.)
  • Stories: 110
  • Year: 1970 – 1974
  • Zoned: Commercial: Office, Communication, Retail & Observation

History

The Willis Tower,located in the heart of Chicago, is an “international style” design consisting of square tubes in a 3 by 3 tube arrangement, with each tube having a footprint of 23 meters (75 ft.) by 23 meters (75 ft.), in essence creating a unified bundle of nine tubes. The Willis Tower was the first building for which this type of “bundled- tubular” construction was used. This design provides stability against high winds and also allows for future upward growth if so desired.

The building is supported by 114 rock caissons secured into bedrock. The foundation and the floor slabs combine to equal 2 million cubic feet of concrete. 76,000 tons of prefabricated steel frame sections measuring 15x25 ft. were put in place. The Willis Tower has more than 16,000 bronze-tinted windows and 28 acres of black aluminum cladding or “skin”.

As the building climbs upward, the tubes begin to drop off giving the Willis Tower its characteristic setback or “step-back”. This geometry of the 110-story tower was developed in response to the original interior space requirements of Sears, Roebuck & Company.

Architekt

architekt

Pro firmu Sears, Roebuck & Company navrhla tento největší maloobchod své doby na světě architektonická firma Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. Věž byla dokončena 3. května 1973 a je jednou z dominant mezi památkami v panoramatu Chicaga

Revoluční vertikální transportní systém byl ve Willis Tower velice užitečný, protože ve své době šplhala do výšek do té doby nepoznaných. 16 dvoupatrových expresních výtahů jezdí z prvních dvou pater do “ vestibulů v mracích“, které jsou umístěné v patrech 33/34 a 66/67, kde pasažéři přechází do obvyklých jednopatrových výtahů, které jezdí do ostatních jednoduchých pater.